Armenia and Azerbaijan agree to Ceasefire amid heavy casualties and ongoing war damages know everything about history: Armenia and Azerbaijan agree to ceasefire

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Armenia and Azerbaijan agree to Ceasefire amid heavy casualties and ongoing war damages know everything about history: Armenia and Azerbaijan agree to ceasefire

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Armenia and Azerbaijan said that they have agreed to a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh. The two countries will begin a meeting on Saturday afternoon for talks. The foreign ministers of the two countries said in a statement that the purpose of the ceasefire is to exchange prisoners and take dead bodies. It said that other things would be agreed later. The talks between the foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan took place at the invitation of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Prior to this announcement, the Foreign Ministers of the two countries held talks for 10 hours under the supervision of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Moscow. Lavrov said this ceasefire would pave the way for negotiations to settle the dispute. The conflict between the two countries began on 27 September in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, the region falls under Azerbaijan but is controlled by local Armenian forces. It is the most serious conflict in the region after the war ended in 1994. Till now hundreds of people have lost their lives in this struggle.

Why is there a dispute? Actually, there is a region between Armenia and Azerbaijan, named Ngorno-Karabakh. This area has been mainly part of Azerbaijan, but it is mostly Armenian population. When Azerbaijan and Armenia separated after the breakup from the Soviet Union in the 1980s–90s, Ngorno-Karabakh decided to accompany Armenia in a referendum.

This led to war in both countries. The two countries announced a ceasefire in 1994 after Russia’s intervention. But Nagorno-Karabakh could not be made part of Armenia and it remained with Azerbaijan. One difficulty has been that Ngorno-Karabakh has long been ruled by Armenian separatists. In the past several years, the settlement efforts failed and the peace agreement between the two could not be reached.

Turkey and Russia may also encounter each other due to Azerbaijan and Armenia: In 1991, when Azerbaijan and Armenia separated and became independent nations. Azerbaijan became a predominantly Muslim country, while the population of Armenia is predominantly Christian. In such a situation, the support of neighboring Turkey is more on Azerbaijan on religious grounds. Turkey was the first country to consider Azerbaijan as an independent country in 1991. In 1993, Turkey also closed its borders with Armenia. Turkey still does not maintain an official relationship with Armenia. However, Armenia’s support in Christian-dominated Russia in the region has increased. Russia also has a military base in Armenia and both are part of the military alliance. In such a situation, if the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia continued, the chances of Turkey and Russia coming face to face were strong.

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